Geographical Indications are signs, which identify a good as originating in a particular territory or a region or locality, where a given quality, reputation or other characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its Geographical origin." It can also be defined as a sign used on goods that have a specific Geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that is due to that place of origin.
Most commonly, a Geographical Indication consists of the name of the place of origin of the goods. In India Geographical Indications is governed by the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection) Act, 1999. The main use of a Geographical Indication is that it acts as an indication that the product possesses certain qualities, is made according to traditional methods, or enjoys a certain reputation, due to its Geographical origin. Any association of persons or producers or any organization or authority established by or under any law for the time being in force representing the interest of the producers of the concerned goods can apply for the registration of the Geographical Indication.
A Geographical Indication is registered for a period of ten years and the registration may be renewed from time to time on payment of renewal fees.